The principles behind the eGro model
eGro uses agroforestry systems and principles of permanent agriculture (permaculture) for production. Agroforestry is a land use management system in which trees or shrubs are grown around or among crops. It combines shrubs and trees in agricultural and forestry technologies to create more diverse, productive, profitable, healthy and sustainable land-use systems.
Permaculture is a system of agricultural and social design principles centered around simulating or directly utilizing the patterns and features observed in natural ecosystems. Permaculture combines food, shelter, energy, ethics, climate, water, and soil, since all these elements should be taken into account while designing systems. When combining permaculture practices and agroforestry systems, it is possible to achieve real sustainability.
One of the principles of permaculture is Polyculture. Polyculture is the principle of using multicropping, intercropping, companion planting, beneficial weeds and alley cropping. This way we avoid large fields of single crops, also called monoculture.
A well-designed system of polyculture can turn desserts into fertile lands and last for thousands of years. The method’s production is organic, without the use of chemical fertilizers, saves water resources, supports biodiversity, and builds up soil fertility, while cleaning the air by sequestering carbon. It requires only low cost maintenance and hand labor.
This means, that eGro’s model contains a sustainable ecosystem design, which replicates how nature naturally would create the best breeding ground for a strong biodiversity and yielding capacity. By utilizing this model commercially, eGro strives to transform dry and poor land into profitable food producing forests.
Below, you can see an illustration of what permanent agriculture could look like: